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MOTS-c, a peptide derived from mitochondria, offers a range of benefits for our health. It helps maintain a balanced metabolism and has been associated with a longer lifespan. Additionally, MOTS-c has shown potential in improving exercise performance, reducing obesity, combating insulin resistance, and addressing various disease pathways, including osteoporosis. Its diverse positive effects make MOTS-c an exciting area of research with implications for enhancing overall well-being.
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The term MOTS-c stands for “Mitochondrial Open Reading Frame of the 12S rRNA Type-c.” It refers to a short peptide derived from the mitochondrial genome.
Mitochondria are organelles found in most eukaryotic cells that play a crucial role in generating energy through cellular respiration. The mitochondrial genome is separate from the nuclear genome and encodes several essential proteins involved in mitochondrial function.
MOTS-c is a recently discovered peptide encoded within the mitochondria that has attracted scientific interest due to its potential regulatory roles in metabolism and aging. It is derived from the 12S rRNA (ribosomal RNA) gene, part of the mitochondrial DNA.MOTS-c Structure
MOTS-C Structure, De BQUB17-JHolguera – Trabajo propio, CC BY-SA 4.0
Source: WikipediaSequence: Met-Arg-Trp-Gln-Glu-Met-Gly-Tyr-Ile-Phe-Tyr-Pro-Arg-Lys-Leu-Arg
- Molecular Formula: C101H152N28O22S2
- Molecular Weight: 2174.64 g/mol
- PubChem SID: 255386757
- CAS Number: 1627580-64-6
- Synonyms: Mitochondrial open reading frame of the 12S rRNA-c, MT-RNR1
Research has shown that MOTS-c increases skeletal muscle following long-term aerobic exercise training. This increase contributes to skeletal muscle adaptation through fast-to-slow phenotypic shifts and an expansion of mitochondrial networks.
MOTS-c also reduces myostatin expression, a protein that inhibits muscle growth. By reducing myostatin, MOTS-c helps prevent muscle wasting and promotes muscle growth.
Furthermore, MOTS-c treatment has improved physical performance in mice of different ages. It regulates skeletal muscle metabolism and potentially enhances glucose effectiveness within skeletal muscle.
The peptide has also demonstrated the ability to reduce high-fat-diet-induced muscle atrophy signaling by decreasing myostatin expression.
Fat metabolism plays a crucial role in energy production and overall metabolic health. MOTS-c, a novel mitochondrial-derived peptide, has been studied for its impact on fat metabolism. Here are some key findings related to fat metabolism and MOTS-c:
MOTS-c has been found to regulate muscle and fat metabolism. It has shown promising effects in preventing diet-induced obesity in mice fed a high-fat diet.
In studies involving exercise-induced mitochondrial adaptations, MOTS-c has been shown to increase lipid utilization and reduce total fat mass. This suggests its potential role in enhancing fat metabolism.
MOTS-c treatment has demonstrated preventive effects against obesity in mice fed a high-fat diet. However, it does not affect the weight of mice fed a normal diet.
Additionally, MOTS-c has been found to increase fatty acid oxidation and regulate white adipose lipid metabolism, potentially activating brown adipose tissue.
The peptide coordinates cellular glucose, mitochondrial, and fatty acid metabolism, potentially influencing lipid metabolism.
MOTS-c has effects in both the mitochondria and the nucleus.
Source: Cell Metabolism
Evidence from studies in mice suggests that MOTS-c, particularly in the context of obesity, plays a significant role in regulating sphingolipid, monoacylglycerol, and dicarboxylate metabolism. By modulating these pathways and promoting increased beta-oxidation, MOTS-c appears to inhibit the accumulation of fat. Some of these effects are likely mediated through MOTS-c’s actions in the nucleus. The exploration of MOTS-c has given rise to a novel hypothesis regarding fat deposition and insulin resistance, which is gaining traction within the scientific community and might provide a fresh approach for intervening in the pathophysiology of obesity and diabetes.
It appears that dysregulation of fat metabolism within mitochondria may lead to insufficient fat oxidation. Consequently, this results in elevated levels of circulating fats, prompting the body to elevate insulin levels in an attempt to clear lipids from the bloodstream. This action ultimately leads to increased fat storage and a homeostatic adjustment in the body, gradually adapting (and developing resistance) to persistently elevated insulin levels.
MOTS-c supplementation in rats prevents mitochondrial dysfunction and prevents the accumulation of fat even in the setting of a high-fat diet.
Source: Cell Metabolism
Insulin sensitivity means that the body isn’t able to effectively respond to and utilize insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Research has explored the relationship between MOTS-c, a mitochondrial-derived peptide, and insulin sensitivity. Here are some key findings related to insulin sensitivity and MOTS-c:
Studies have shown that lower levels of MOTS-c are associated with markers of insulin resistance in obese male children and adolescents. This suggests that MOTS-c may play a role in improving insulin sensitivity.
MOTS-c has been found to alleviate hyperglycemia, improve insulin sensitivity, and enhance glucose tolerance. These effects may contribute to better blood sugar control and reduced insulin resistance.
In mouse models fed a high-fat diet, MOTS-c has been shown to reduce insulin resistance by targeting skeletal muscle. This suggests that MOTS-c may have potential therapeutic applications for conditions related to insulin resistance, such as type 2 diabetes.
Treatment with MOTS-c has demonstrated the ability to prevent age-dependent and high-fat-diet-induced insulin resistance. Additionally, it has shown promise in preventing diet-induced obesity, further highlighting its potential impact on metabolic health.
MOTS-c has been found to improve metabolic homeostasis and lessen insulin resistance. Initial studies have shown modest body weight reductions and food metabolism improvements.
Osteoporosis is characterized by weakened and brittle bones, making them more susceptible to fractures. The disease involves the loss of bone mass and a disruption in bone remodeling processes. While osteoporosis is primarily attributed to factors such as aging, hormonal changes (especially in women after menopause), and certain medical conditions, recent research has explored the potential role of MOTS-c, a mitochondrial-derived peptide, to osteoporosis.
Studies have shown that MOTS-c may have a protective effect on bone health. It has been found to enhance osteoblast differentiation and activity, which are responsible for bone formation.
In animal models, MOTS-c treatment has demonstrated the potential to prevent bone loss and increase bone mineral density. This suggests that MOTS-c may have a beneficial impact on bone strength and reduce the risk of fractures.
MOTS-c has also been found to regulate gene expression in bone metabolism and remodeling processes. By modulating these genes, MOTS-c may contribute to maintaining bone homeostasis and preventing excessive bone loss.
Additionally, MOTS-c has shown the potential to improve bone healing and regeneration. This suggests its ability to support the repair and recovery of bone tissue, which is particularly relevant in the context of fractures associated with osteoporosis.
The connection between longevity and MOTS-c has been a topic of scientific investigation. Multiple studies have explored the potential relationship between MOTS-c and exceptional longevity.
The mitochondrial-derived peptide MOTS-c has been identified as a potential player in exceptional longevity, referring to individuals who live longer than average. This suggests that MOTS-c may have a role in promoting a longer lifespan.
Studies have found a putative biological link between MOTS-c and exceptional longevity through specific genetic variations, such as the m.1382A>C mtDNA variant. These genetic associations indicate that MOTS-c may influence longevity by interacting with mitochondrial DNA.
MOTS-c has been implicated in muscle homeostasis and physical activity, which are associated with healthy aging and longevity. Its involvement in maintaining muscle function and overall physical well-being may contribute to an extended lifespan.
Experimental evidence indicates that MOTS-c treatment, particularly in conjunction with exercise, may positively impact overall longevity. However, further research with larger cohorts is required to confirm and generalize these findings.
While the precise mechanisms underlying the relationship between MOTS-c and longevity are not yet fully understood, it is proposed that MOTS-c’s effects on metabolic disorders, glucose regulation, and mitochondrial function may contribute to promoting a longer lifespan.
Cardiac structure and function: Studies have shown that both aerobic exercise and MOTS-c treatment can reduce abnormalities in cardiac structure and improve cardiac function. MOTS-c has been observed to enhance cardiac systolic function, improve diastolic function, and increase myocardial mechanical efficiency.
Repairing myocardial damage: MOTS-c has demonstrated the ability to repair myocardial damage by inhibiting certain processes involved in cardiovascular complications, particularly diabetes. It has been suggested as a potential therapeutic target for the cardiovascular complications associated with diabetes.
Prevention of cardiac dysfunction: Treatment with MOTS-c has shown promise in delaying the development of cardiac dysfunction and structural dilation. This implies that MOTS-c may play a preventive role in preserving cardiovascular health.
Vascular and heart abnormalities: MOTS-c has been reported to improve vascular endothelial function and attenuate vascular and heart abnormalities. These effects contribute to overall cardiovascular health and function.
Predictive role in cardiovascular disease: Population studies have explored the predictive role of MOTS-C in cardiovascular disease. Circulating MOTS-C levels have been associated with cardiovascular disease risk, and decreased levels of MOTS-C have been observed in certain patient populations.
Please note that all the articles and product information provided on this website are intended for informational and educational purposes only.
The products offered on this platform are specifically designed for in-vitro studies, meaning they are conducted outside the body. It is important to clarify that these products are not medicines or drugs, and the FDA has not approved them for the prevention, treatment, or cure of any medical condition, ailment, or disease.
The above literature was researched, edited and organized by Dr. Logan, M.D. Dr. Logan holds a doctorate degree from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and a B.S. in molecular biology.
Scientific Journal Author
Dr. Changhan David Lee, contributor to “MOTS-c: A novel mitochondrial-derived peptide regulating muscle and fat metabolism,” and “The Mitochondrial-Encoded Peptide MOTS-c Translocates to the Nucleus to Regulate Nuclear Gene Expression in Response to Metabolic Stress,” is a researcher at the School of Gerontology at USC Leonard Davis.Pinchas Cohen, MD, is the dean of the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, executive director of the Ethel Percy Andrus Gerontology Center, and holder of the William and Sylvia Kugel Dean’s Chair in Gerontology. He is an expert in the study of mitochondrial peptides and their possible therapeutic benefits for diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and other diseases related to aging. Cohen’s current research focus is on the emerging science of mitochondria-derived peptides, which he discovered.
These peptides include humanin, a 24-amino acid peptide encoded from the mt-16S-rRNA. It is a novel, centrally acting insulin sensitizer and metaboloprotective factor representing a new therapeutic and diagnostic target in diabetes and related disease. Other mitochondrial peptides of interest include MOTS-c, a second peptide encoded from a small ORF in the 12S region of the mitochondrial chromosome that has potent anti-diabetes and anti-obesity effect and acts as an exercise-mimetic, and SHLP2, a peptide encoded from the light strand of the mt-16S-rRNA region whose levels correlate with prostate cancer.
Dr. Changhan David Lee and Dr. Pinchas Cohen are being referenced as leading scientists involved in the research and development of Humanin. In no way are these doctors/scientists endorsing or advocating the purchase, sale, or use of this product for any reason. There is no affiliation or relationship, implied or otherwise, between Peptide Shop and these doctors. The purpose of citing the doctors is to acknowledge, recognize, and credit the exhaustive research and development efforts conducted by the scientists studying this peptide.
ALL ARTICLES AND PRODUCT INFORMATION PROVIDED ON THIS WEBSITE ARE FOR INFORMATIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.
The products offered on this website are furnished for in-vitro studies only. In-vitro studies (Latin: in glass) are performed outside of the body. These products are not medicines or drugs and have not been approved by the FDA to prevent, treat or cure any medical condition, ailment or disease. Bodily introduction of any kind into humans or animals is strictly forbidden by law.
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